Autumn is upon us, and as every year we're anxiously pondering what winter might have in store. According to the Met Office's tentative forecast based on early indications, we're in for a milder winter than last year, with rainfall at or above average. A more definitive forecast is due out in
November, but it wouldn't be surprising if the people at the Met Office were a tad nervous about putting their necks out once again. Their April forecast, stating that the UK was "odds-on for a barbecue summer", sent British tempers flaring when July turned out to be one of the wettest on record. In response to
the miserable weather, and mounting criticism, the Met Office revealed in August that its earlier optimism had been based on a 65% probability of a hot dry summer, and insisted that it had explained at the time that this forecast did "not rule out the chances of seeing some heavy downpours at times". Too right,
you might say, since the overall rainfall for summer 2009 turned out to be 40% above the historical average.
To be fair, the Met's barbecue debacle was down to a failure to communicate its predictions clearly, rather than predictive incompetence.... Read more!
The monthly Maths-Art seminars at the London Knowledge Lab, that explore the connections between mathematics and art, arose out of the Bridges Conference held in London in 2006. In the next seminar, Richard
Henry, an artist and teacher with a specialism in Islamic geometric tiling, will talk about practical geometry and the language of symmetry in Islamic art.
"My work draws considerable inspiration from Islamic art, its history, craft techniques and geometrical ideas," says Henry. "I have a deep interest in the mystical philosophy that underlies the art and how this influences the design of Islamic buildings, with their special sense of sublime tranquility that is often experienced. In explaining these I will present images from an extensive field
study that I carried out in Iran. I will also discuss the occurrence of non-periodic tilings in medieval Iranian designs, and how these are related to the modern mathematical theory of Penrose tilings."
The methods Henry uses to create his beautiful images are based on some of the earliest geometric methods used in mathematics: "I am particularly interested in practical geometrical methods, using compass and straight edge, for pattern construction for artists and craftspeople, and have explored these in my own works in painting, print and tile-mosaic. In this talk I will illustrate some of
these methods for setting out patterns."
The seminar is on Tuesday 13 October 2009, from 6-7.30pm, at the London Knowledge Lab, 23-29 Emerald St, London, WC1N 3QS (travel information & maps). Everyone is welcome and no reservation required, but an email to email@example.com would be appreciated for planning purposes.
The best entries will be invited to present their project at the Big Bang: UK Young Scientists’ and Engineers’ Fair, in Manchester in March 2010. You’ll have your own stand to show off all your hard work to over 13,000 scientists, engineers, students, parents, employers, teachers and celebrities. Plus you may even be chosen to
face a VIP panel in the competition finals.
There are over £50,000 in prizes up for grabs, including cash awards and trips abroad. And entrants in the senior category could be crowned the UK Young Scientist of the Year or the UK Young Engineer of the Year.
It doesn't matter if your project has already been entered into another competition, you're still eligible, but hurry up, the closing date is October 30th!
The image above shows last year's winners Peter Hatfield (left) and Chris Jefferies (right).
There's a significant intersection between sport fandom and science geekdom, and to address it, John D. Barrow, Professor of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge, will give a free public talk on physics and sport at the Cavendish
Laboratory in Cambridge. Barrow will look at some applications of physics and simple mathematics to a variety of sports, including aspects of weightlifting, rowing, throwing, jumping, drag car racing, balance sports, and track athletics. He'll also explore some of the paradoxical systems of judging used in ice skating, and the effects of latitude and air resistance on some performances.
The talk will take place on the 13th of October at 6pm in the Pippard lecture theatre at the Cavendish Laboratory, Madingley Road, Cambridge.
We at Plus have always known that maths is beautiful, but now even the most aesthetic of worlds, fashion, is taking note. Last week in The Independent, Professor Sandy Black, from
the Centre for Fashion Science, London College of Fashion, explained how her mathematical background has enabled her to create complex and unique knitted designs, selling in the most prestigious stores in London, New York and Tokyo.
Black also wrote about some of the exciting future possibilities resulting from weaving together science and fashion. Digital body scanning might not only produce made-to-measure clothes, but might even mean you never have to enter a cramped changing room again and instead virtually check the fit of those new jeans. Wonderland, a project funded by EPSRC that brings together designers and chemists, has created dresses that dissolve in water and packaging that can be turned into a gel used to grow seeds. You can read more in her article.
And if you can't wait for your mathematical fashion, maths has even made it into the Selfridges window display, as photographed last week by Dr Brian Stewart.
In our fourth online poll to find out what Plus readers would most like to know about the Universe you told us that you'd like to find out how gravity works. We took the question to Professor Bangalore Sathyaprakash of the School of Physics and Astronomy at
Cardiff University, and here is his answer. This interview is also available as a podcast.
If you'd like to put another Universe question to experts, vote in the current poll, or leave a comment on this blog.
Thanks for this interesting article - but I do find the paragraph below confusing. My first problem is the sentence: "But according to Newton's gravity, the effect of the Sun's vanishing would be felt immediately, as the Earth would fly away in an tangential direction to its original path." Does this vanishing refer to sight? If so, this has nothing to do with gravity.
"According to Newton's theory, gravitational interaction is instantaneous. Suppose the Sun were to vanish from the horizon today. We would not notice its disappearance immediately just by looking at the Sun, because light takes some time to travel. But according to Newton's gravity, the effect of the Sun's vanishing would be felt immediately, as the Earth would fly away in an tangential direction
to its original path." Einstein's special theory of relativity, however, states that nothing, not even information, can travel faster than the speed of light. "It's possible to use the vanishing Sun analogy to construct [theoretical] gravitational telegraphs which would transmit information instantaneously — and that, according to Einstein, is impossible. That's the reason why Einstein had to
reformulate the theory of gravity." Einstein published his reformulation in 1916, under the name of general relativity.