mathematical modelling
http://plus.maths.org/content/taxonomy/term/248
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Blink and you'll miss it: The free kick in football (part II)
http://plus.maths.org/content/freekickfootballblinkandyoullmissitpartii
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Ken Bray </div>
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<p>In the first part of this article we let maths set the scene for a free kick. Now we continue the drama, tracing the trajectory of the ball throughout the milliseconds it takes it to reach the goal line.</p>
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<p>The free kick in football: the referee blows the whistle, the striker begins his runup and the players in the wall steel themselves against a possible impact. The goalie strains to see his first sight of the ball and the thump as boot meets ball can be heard all over the nowsilent ground.</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/freekickfootballblinkandyoullmissitpartii" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/freekickfootballblinkandyoullmissitpartii#comments
aerodynamics
football
mathematical modelling
mathematics in sport
Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:50:31 +0000
mf344
6113 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Sick of Facebook? Read on...
http://plus.maths.org/content/sickfacebookread
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<p>A new study suggests that Facebook is heading for a very rapid decline.</p>
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<p>If Facebook is a disease, then most of us know the symptoms:
obsessive checking, a compulsion to share trivialities, and confusion about
what's real and what isn't. But if Facebook is a disease, then why not
use epidemiological methods to try and predict its future? This is what
two scientists from Princeton University, New Jersey, have done.<p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/sickfacebookread" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/sickfacebookread#comments
epidemiology
mathematical modelling
Fri, 24 Jan 2014 11:19:46 +0000
mf344
6031 at http://plus.maths.org/content

How do we hallucinate?
http://plus.maths.org/content/howdowehallucinate
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Marianne Freiberger </div>
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<img class="imagefield imagefieldfield_abs_img" width="100" height="100" alt="" src="http://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/5/24_jan_2014__1243/halluicon.png?1390567438" /> </div>
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<p>Geometric hallucinations are very common: people get them after taking drugs, following sensory deprivation, or even after rubbing their eyes. What can they tell us about how our brain works?</p>
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<div class="rightshoutout">You can read a more technical version of this article <a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/uncoilingspiralmathsandhallucinations">here.</a></div>
<p>Think druginduced hallucinations, and the whirly, spirally, tunnelvisionlike patterns of psychedelic imagery immediately spring to mind. But it's not just hallucinogenic drugs like LSD, cannabis or mescaline that conjure up these geometric structures.<p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/howdowehallucinate" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/howdowehallucinate#comments
Alan Turing
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
morphogenesis
neuroscience
Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:54:47 +0000
mf344
6029 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Cyber experiments: The 2013 Nobel prize in chemistry
http://plus.maths.org/content/cyberexperiments2013nobelprizechemistry
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<p>If chemistry makes you think of white lab coats and green liquids then think again. This year's Nobel prize goes to three researchers who "took chemical experiment into cyberspace".</p>
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<div class="rightimage" style="width: 236px;"><img src="http://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/news/2013/Nobelchemistry/karplus.jpg" alt="Karplus" width="236" height="273" /><p>Martin Karplus. Image © Nobel Media AB.</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/cyberexperiments2013nobelprizechemistry" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/cyberexperiments2013nobelprizechemistry#comments
chemistry
mathematical modelling
Nobel prize
quantum mechanics
Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:35:52 +0000
mf344
5951 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Biodiversity on the brink
http://plus.maths.org/content/tipping
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<p>A team of Australian researchers has delivered dire news for polar ecosystems, predicting that in some regions biodiversity may be reduced by as much as a third within decades. It's the result of a tipping point induced by global warming.</p>
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<p>A team of researchers at the University of New South Wales has delivered dire news for polar
ecosystems, predicting that in some regions biodiversity may be
reduced by as much as a third within decades. This is a result of
global warming: as the poles warm up, sea ice will melt earlier,
allowing a lot more sunlight to reach the sea bed. The team's study
predicts that this can have a significant effect on the creatures
that live there. Invertebrates that are adapted to live in dark
conditions will be pushed out and replaced by algae that thrive on
light.<p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/tipping" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/tipping#comments
biology
mathematical modelling
mathematics and climate change
Tue, 06 Aug 2013 09:18:07 +0000
mf344
5928 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Sex, evolution and parasitic wasps
http://plus.maths.org/content/mathematicssexevolutionandparasiticwasps
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Paul Taylor </div>
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<p>Some things are so familiar to us that they are simply expected, and we may forget to wonder why they should be that way in the first place. Sex ratios are a good example of this: the number of men and women in the world is roughly equal, but why should this be the case? A simple mathematical argument provides an answer.</p>
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<p>Sometimes a state of affairs becomes so familiar to us that it is simply expected, and we may forget to wonder why it should be that way in the first place. Sex ratios are a good example of this: the number of men and women in the world is roughly equal, but why should this be the case?</p>
<div class="rightimage" style="width: 350px;"><img src="http://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/articles/2012/sexratio/lions.jpg" alt="Pair of lions" width="350" height="234" /><p>Many mammals have an equal sex ratio at birth.</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/mathematicssexevolutionandparasiticwasps" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/mathematicssexevolutionandparasiticwasps#comments
biology
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
Tue, 06 Mar 2012 10:15:47 +0000
mf344
5660 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Career interview: Application engineering manager, MathWorks
http://plus.maths.org/content/careerinterviewapplicationengineeringmanager
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Rachel Thomas </div>
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<i>Tanya Morton has been drawn to three things throughout her career: problem solving, learning new things and educating others. She tells Plus how her role at the mathematical computing software company, <a href="http://www.mathworks.co.uk/">MathWorks</a>, combines these three elements perfectly and how mathematical computing has meant her maths makes a real difference in the world.
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</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/careerinterviewapplicationengineeringmanager" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/careerinterviewapplicationengineeringmanager#comments
approximation theory
Business & Money
computer programming
mathematical modelling
radial basis functions
Technology
Wed, 01 Jun 2011 10:48:04 +0000
Rachel
5496 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Making gold for 2012
http://plus.maths.org/content/makinggold
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<p>Last week leading researchers in sports technology met at the Royal Academy of Engineering in London to demonstrate just how far their field has come over recent years. The changes they make to athletes' equipment and clothes may only make a tiny difference to their performance, but once they're added up they can mean the difference between gold and silver.</p>
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<div class="packagebacklink">Back to the <a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/ingeniousconstructingourlives">Constructing our lives package</a></div><br clear="all"><p>Isaac Newton didn't really distinguish between science and his
other great interest, alchemy. So it's only fitting that his laws of
motion are today being used to produce gold. Not from base metals,
but from the effort of Britain's top athletes, backed by teams of
engineers who research, analyse, model and tweak to gain their
athlete the tiny advantage that can make the crucial difference.<p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/makinggold" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/makinggold#comments
aerodynamics
computer programming
computer simulation
engineering
finite elements
mathematical modelling
mathematics in sport
Newtonian mechanics
olympics
Fri, 01 Apr 2011 09:00:00 +0000
mf344
5459 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Feeling tense about healing wounds?
http://plus.maths.org/content/feelingtenseabouthealingwounds
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<p>Squeamish about cuts and scrapes? Maths can help you feel better.</p>
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Being squeamish I've never really liked to think about how exactly wounds heal. But I now have the courage to ponder this miracle of biology, because I can now think about it using maths.
Researchers from the <a href="http://www.pitt.edu/">University of Pittsburgh</a> have just published a new mathematical model of how some wounds heal.
</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/feelingtenseabouthealingwounds" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/feelingtenseabouthealingwounds#comments
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
stefan problem
Thu, 10 Feb 2011 15:11:25 +0000
Rachel
5419 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Measuring catastrophic risk
http://plus.maths.org/content/misinterpretationriskmetrics
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<p>Insurance companies offer protection against rare but catastrophic events like hurricanes or earthquakes. But how do they work out the financial risks associated to these disasters? Shane Latchman investigates.</p>
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<h3>The notion of uncertainty</h3>
<p>In the early 19th century, the French mathematician <a href="http://wwwhistory.mcs.stand.ac.uk/Biographies/Laplace.html">PierreSimon de Laplace</a> wrote of a concept he had been thinking about for some time. The concept became known as <em>Laplace's demon</em> and was a thought experiment which sought to clearly explain the existence of uncertainty. It is described in his <em>Essai Philosophique sur les Probabilités</em> (1814) as:
</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/misinterpretationriskmetrics" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/misinterpretationriskmetrics#comments
confidence interval
earthquakes
insurance
mathematical modelling
probability
risk
risk analysis
statistics
Thu, 23 Dec 2010 14:36:31 +0000
mf344
5360 at http://plus.maths.org/content

And the Nobel Prize in Mathematics goes to...
http://plus.maths.org/content/andnobelprizemathematicsgoes
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<p>Well, it goes to noone because there isn't a Nobel Prize for maths. Some have speculated that Alfred Nobel neglected maths because his wife ran off with a mathematician, but the rumour seems to be unfounded. But whatever the reason for its nonappearance in the Nobel list, it's maths that makes the sciencebased Nobel subjects possible and it usually plays a fundamental role in the some of the laureates' work. Here we'll have a look at two of the prizes awarded this year, in physics and economics.</p>
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<p>Noone won the Nobel Prize for mathematics in 2010 ... because there isn't a Nobel Prize for maths. Some have <A href="http://nobelprizes.com/nobel/why_no_math.html">speculated</a> that Alfred Nobel neglected maths because his wife ran off with a mathematician, but the rumour seems to be unfounded. But whatever the reason for its nonappearance in the original Nobel list, it's maths that makes the sciencebased Nobel subjects possible and it plays a fundamental role in many of the laureates' work.<p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/andnobelprizemathematicsgoes" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/andnobelprizemathematicsgoes#comments
mathematical reality
economic prediction
economics
mathematical modelling
Nobel prize
quantum mechanics
quantum tunneling
Fri, 15 Oct 2010 14:39:04 +0000
mf344
5331 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Eat, drink and be merry: making it go down well
http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry0
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Chris Budd </div>
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<p>This article is part of a series of two articles exploring two ways in which mathematics comes into food, and especially into food safety and health. In this article we will take a dive into the rather smelly business of digesting food, and how a crazy application of chaos theory shows the best way to digest a medicinal drug.</p>
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<div style="position: relative; left: 50%; width: 70%"><font size="2"><i>Back to the <a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/doyouknowwhatsgoodyoumathsnextmicroscope">Next microscope package </a><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry0" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry0#comments
chaos
differential equation
diffusion
fractal
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
Mon, 13 Sep 2010 11:37:25 +0000
mf344
5309 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Eat, drink and be merry: making sure it's safe
http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry
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Chris Budd </div>
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<p>This article is part of a twopart series exploring ways in which mathematics comes into food, and especially into food safety and health. In this part we'll look at how maths can tell us the safest way to cook food.</p>
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<div style="position: relative; left: 50%; width: 70%"><font size="2"><i>Back to the <a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/doyouknowwhatsgoodyoumathsnextmicroscope">Next microscope package </a><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/eatdrinkandbemerry#comments
differential equation
Fourier analysis
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
Mon, 13 Sep 2010 09:51:11 +0000
mf344
5308 at http://plus.maths.org/content

Modelling cell suicide
http://plus.maths.org/content/os/issue55/features/barhu/index
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Martino Barenco and Mike Hubank </div>
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<b>Martino Barenco</b> and <b>Mike Hubank</b> shed light on suicidal cells and a mathematical model that could help fight cancer. </div>
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<div style="position: relative; left: 50%; width: 70%"><font size="2"><i>Back to the <a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/doyouknowwhatsgoodyouunravellinggeneticsecrets">Unravelling genetic secrets package</a><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/os/issue55/features/barhu/index" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/os/issue55/features/barhu/index#comments
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cancer
differential equation
DNA
Genes
mathematical modelling
medicine and health
Fri, 09 Jul 2010 15:53:55 +0000
mf344
5220 at http://plus.maths.org/content

What can birds tell us about flying through ash clouds?
http://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/mayaug10/birds/index
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<p>Why does a financial mathematician think about birds when trying to understand the grounding of aeroplanes after the Icelandic volcano eruption?</p> </div>
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<p>Why does a financial mathematician think about birds when trying to understand the grounding of aeroplanes after the Icelandic volcano eruption?</p><p><a href="http://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/mayaug10/birds/index" target="_blank">read more</a></p>
http://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/mayaug10/birds/index#comments
financial mathematics
mathematical modelling
risk
uncertainty
Mon, 24 May 2010 23:00:00 +0000
mf344
5235 at http://plus.maths.org/content