It is possible that math is "just" the most-precise currently-known language. But this doesn't answer any of the questions we have been raising, although it does possibly reframe the overall question to be something more like "how accurately are we able to describe patterns and is math the optimal language for so doing?".
I also note that precision is something, but not everything. In human languages, it is possible to convey things by ambiguity and choice of words that it is impossible to encode formally in precise language. Understanding what "Feeling under a cloud" means takes a whole lifetime of experience. Languages are embedded in culture and personal experience, such that semantics require that context even if syntactics do not.
Vaguer languages such as Japanese, can convey much subtler meanings than English or German. There is possibly a way to maximise a weighted sum of the creativity which ambiguity allows and the accuracy which precision allows.