## 12

Emmy Noether, pioneering female mathematician, died 80 years ago.

**John Webb**applies some divergent thinking, taking in the weather, traffic flow and card shuffling along the way.

**Emily Dixon**takes a break and discovers that codes are not just for sleuths.

**John L. Casti**tells us how today's mathematicians are using computers to carry on the work of turn-of-the-century polymath d'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, who showed how mathematical functions could be applied to the shape of one organism to continuously transform it into other, physically similar organisms.