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Celebrating Black Mathematician Month!
https://plus.maths.org/content/celebratingblackmathematicianmonth
<div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>
This October marks the 30th Black History Month in the UK. The maths magazine <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com">Chalkdust</a>, has declared October as <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com/blackmathematicianmonth/octoberblackmathematicianmonth/">Black Mathematician Month</a>. Throughout the month they are promoting the work of black mathematicians and talking about building a more representative mathematical community.
</p><p>
You can already read fascinating articles on the work of <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com/blog/conversationnazarmiheisi/">Nazar Miheisi<a>, <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com/blackmathematicianmonth/starpolynomials/">Edward J Farrell</a> and <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com/blackmathematicianmonth/conversationolubunmiabidemifadipejoseph/">Olubunmi Abidemi FadipeJoseph
</a>, and more will appear over the next few weeks. And Chalkdust also features an article by one of our favourite mathematicians, <a href="http://chalkdustmagazine.com/blackmathematicianmonth/dontneedanybodyspermissiongreatmathematician/">Nira Chamberlain</a>.
</p><p>
We've been lucky enough to work with Nira several times in the past. Below is our interview with Nira where he told us about some of his experiences as a mathematician and you can read more in his <a href="/content/careerinterviewmathematicalmodellingconsultant">career interview</a>.
</p><p>
You can meet Nira in person and join in the celebrations on 30 October at the <a href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/maths">University College London's Mathematics Department</a> – everyone is welcome and you can book your free tickets <a href="https://www.eventbrite.com/e/blackmathematicianmonthclosingceremonytickets38456937736?utmmedium=discovery&utmcampaign=social&utmcontent=attendeeshare&aff=escb&utmsource=cp&utmterm=listing">here</a>.
</p>
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/dTLnf8ViXJo" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/bmm_icon_0.png" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div>
Thu, 12 Oct 2017 11:25:59 +0000
Rachel
6924 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/celebratingblackmathematicianmonth#comments

Fighting future pandemics
https://plus.maths.org/content/fightingfuturepandemics0
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/icon_27.jpg" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamefieldauthor fieldtypetext fieldlabelinlinec clearfix fieldlabelinline"><div class="fieldlabel">By </div><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even">Rachel Thomas</div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>An influenza pandemic is still one of the greatest threats to humanity. During the pandemic in 2009 over 60 million people caught the H1N1 influenza virus in the United States: over 274,000 of these required hospital and, sadly, over 12,000 people died. Now a groundbreaking project is allowing every person in the UK to contribute to research to combat future pandemics.</p>
<p><a href="http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/j.r.gog/">Julia Gog</a>, Professor of Mathematical Biology from the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge, and her team are working with the BBC on an innovative project, <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p059y0p1">BBC Pandemic</a>, combining outreach, citizen science and new mathematical research.</p>
<p>"Our motivation for doing this is to build better models for [disease] spread in the UK," says Gog. Any UK resident can contribute to the data collection via the BBC Pandemic app on their smartphone (via the <a href="https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/bbcpandemic/id1274960535?mt=8">App Store</a> or <a href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.threesixtyproduction.pandemic">Google Play</a>).</p>
<div class="rightimage" style="maxwidth: 300px">
<iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="169" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Cn_ToPamEmA?rel=0" width="300"></iframe>
</div>
<p>"The immediate outcome will be running some simulations of pandemics for a programme for BBC 4, which will be broadcast in early 2018," says Gog "But the other part is we will be collecting the data so we can study it, and [the data] will be available to other scientists. The point is to understand how people move, as we want to make better models for pandemics and other infectious disease [outbreaks] in the UK."</p>
<h2>Spreading disease</h2>
<p>When modelling how a disease spreads, says Gog, you want your models to be tractable, and simple enough so you can understand what's gone into them. "But the temptation is just to put in more and more detail, and then you've got to model how everyone moves."</p>
<p>Instead it's easier to use models that are more transparent, and that you can simulate quickly and repeatedly. "The project we have been working on for the last few years is based on [data] from the 2009 pandemic of an influenzalike illness in the US." Here, rather than modelling how the disease spreads between individuals in the population, Gog and her colleagues model how diseases spread between larger units representing cities, towns or villages. These models are based on movement between these city (or town or village) units, which depend on the distance between them, their size and their proximity to other large cities.</p>
<p>Gog and her colleagues have been using the data on how the 2009 pandemic spread to infer the movement patterns between city units. This is because there are not many data sets that specifically gather this movement data. Those that do exist, some collected by apps and some by surveys, are not on the scale the BBC Pandemic project promises and do not connect the information in this way. "We don't think any other studies will be comparable to this one, and certainly not in the UK."</p>
<h2>Spreading knowledge</h2>
<p>"The big one for us is that this data set will be available to all scientists. I don't know anything like it," says Gog. "They can have all of it!" Thanks to the careful way the data is collected, anonymised and shared, and the permissions for its use that are gathered through the app, it will be the first time such a data set will be made available like this. There is already a great deal of interest from other scientists who were not expecting to have such access to the data. Early on in the project Gog and her colleagues will write a paper to show how the data was gathered, how it is valid, and to encourage other scientists to use the BBC Pandemic dataset.</p>
<p>The scale and public visibility of this project, thanks to the collaboration with the BBC, is extraordinary, but it's not the first time Gog has enabled ordinary members of the public to become active contributors to scientific research. "Putting together outreach and basic science is pretty unusual but we've done it before, so we had evidence it would work," says Gog. This was work with Millennium Mathematics Project's <a href="https://maths.org/node/141">Motivate programme</a>, where Gog and colleagues worked with secondary school students who visited collaborating primary schools and gathered data on social networks within the classes.</p>
<p>"It was primarily about outreach, and secondarily about gathering a beautiful dataset, and both flew." The papers on the Motivate dataset, regularly referred to in the literature, provide data that shows how social mixing patterns in schools change with age and gender. The Motivate project also involved other members of the BBC Pandemic team: <a href="https://www.research.vet.cam.ac.uk/researchstaffdirectory/principalinvestigators/diseasedynamics/Andrewconlan">Andrew Conlan</a> (now at the University of Cambridge's Department of Veterinary Medicine) and <a href="https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/aboutus/people/kucharski.adam">Adam Kucharski</a> (now at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), who were respectively a postdoc and PhD student in Gog's Disease Dynamics research group in DAMTP at the time. (Conlan and Kucharski subsequently ran a similar project with the Millennium Mathematics Project. You can read about it here <a href="/content/studentsepidemiology">here</a>.)</p>
<p>It is inevitable that another pandemic will strike, and research like this will help governments decide the best response, whether it is closing schools or issuing vaccines. And through innovative projects like this one at DAMTP, everyone can help fight the threat posed by influenza and other highly infectious diseases.</p>
</div></div></div>
Thu, 12 Oct 2017 10:43:25 +0000
Rachel
6923 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/fightingfuturepandemics0#comments

Fighting future pandemics
https://plus.maths.org/content/fightingfuturepandemics
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/icon_26.jpg" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamefieldauthor fieldtypetext fieldlabelinlinec clearfix fieldlabelinline"><div class="fieldlabel">By </div><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even">Rachel Thomas</div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>An influenza pandemic is still one of the greatest threats to humanity. During the pandemic in 2009 over 60 million people caught the H1N1 influenza virus in the United States: over 274,000 of these required hospital and, sadly, over 12,000 people died. Now a groundbreaking project is allowing every person in the UK to contribute to research to combat future pandemics.</p>
<p><a href="http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/j.r.gog/">Julia Gog</a>, Professor of Mathematical Biology from the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge, and her team are working with the BBC on an innovative project, <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p059y0p1">BBC Pandemic</a>, combining outreach, citizen science and new mathematical research.</p>
<p>"Our motivation for doing this is to build better models for [disease] spread in the UK," says Gog. Any UK resident can contribute to the data collection via the BBC Pandemic app on their smartphone (via the <a href="https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/bbcpandemic/id1274960535?mt=8">App Store</a> or <a href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.threesixtyproduction.pandemic">Google Play</a>).</p>
<div class="rightimage" style="maxwidth: 300px">
<iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="169" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Cn_ToPamEmA?rel=0" width="300"></iframe>
</div>
<p>"The immediate outcome will be running some simulations of pandemics for a programme for BBC 4, which will be broadcast in early 2018," says Gog "But the other part is we will be collecting the data so we can study it, and [the data] will be available to other scientists. The point is to understand how people move, as we want to make better models for pandemics and other infectious disease [outbreaks] in the UK."</p>
<h2>Spreading disease</h2>
<p>When modelling how a disease spreads, says Gog, you want your models to be tractable, and simple enough so you can understand what's gone into them. "But the temptation is just to put in more and more detail, and then you've got to model how everyone moves."</p>
<p>Instead it's easier to use models that are more transparent, and that you can simulate quickly and repeatedly. "The project we have been working on for the last few years is based on [data] from the 2009 pandemic of an influenzalike illness in the US." Here, rather than modelling how the disease spreads between individuals in the population, Gog and her colleagues model how diseases spread between larger units representing cities, towns or villages. These models are based on movement between these city (or town or village) units, which depend on the distance between them, their size and their proximity to other large cities.</p>
<p>Gog and her colleagues have been using the data on how the 2009 pandemic spread to infer the movement patterns between city units. This is because there are not many data sets that specifically gather this movement data. Those that do exist, some collected by apps and some by surveys, are not on the scale the BBC Pandemic project promises and do not connect the information in this way. "We don't think any other studies will be comparable to this one, and certainly not in the UK."</p>
<h2>Spreading knowledge</h2>
<p>"The big one for us is that this data set will be available to all scientists. I don't know anything like it," says Gog. "They can have all of it!" Thanks to the careful way the data is collected, anonymised and shared, and the permissions for its use that are gathered through the app, it will be the first time such a data set will be made available like this. There is already a great deal of interest from other scientists who were not expecting to have such access to the data. Early on in the project Gog and her colleagues will write a paper to show how the data was gathered, how it is valid, and to encourage other scientists to use the BBC Pandemic dataset.</p>
<p>The scale and public visibility of this project, thanks to the collaboration with the BBC, is extraordinary, but it's not the first time Gog has enabled ordinary members of the public to become active contributors to scientific research. "Putting together outreach and basic science is pretty unusual but we've done it before, so we had evidence it would work," says Gog. This was work with Millennium Mathematics Project's <a href="https://maths.org/node/141">Motivate programme</a>, where Gog and colleagues worked with secondary school students who visited collaborating primary schools and gathered data on social networks within the classes.</p>
<p>"It was primarily about outreach, and secondarily about gathering a beautiful dataset, and both flew." The papers on the Motivate dataset, regularly referred to in the literature, provide data that shows how social mixing patterns in schools change with age and gender. The Motivate project also involved other members of the BBC Pandemic team: <a href="https://www.research.vet.cam.ac.uk/researchstaffdirectory/principalinvestigators/diseasedynamics/Andrewconlan">Andrew Conlan</a> (now at the University of Cambridge's Department of Veterinary Medicine) and <a href="https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/aboutus/people/kucharski.adam">Adam Kucharski</a> (now at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), who were respectively a postdoc and PhD student in Gog's Disease Dynamics research group in DAMTP at the time. (Conlan and Kucharski subsequently ran a similar project with the Millennium Mathematics Project. You can read about it here <a href="/content/studentsepidemiology">here</a>.)</p>
<p>It is inevitable that another pandemic will strike, and research like this will help governments decide the best response, whether it is closing schools or issuing vaccines. And through innovative projects like this one at DAMTP, everyone can help fight the threat posed by influenza and other highly infectious diseases.</p>
</div></div></div>
Tue, 10 Oct 2017 13:36:13 +0000
Rachel
6922 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/fightingfuturepandemics#comments

Happy Ada Lovelace day!
https://plus.maths.org/content/happyadalovelaceday0
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/women_icon_0.jpg" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>It's <a href="http://findingada.com/">Ada Lovelace day</a>, celebrating the work of women in mathematics, science, technology and engineering. To join the celebration we revisit a collection of interviews with female mathematicians we produced earlier this year. The interviews accompany the <em><a href="http://womeninmath.net">Women of
Mathematics</a></em> photo exhibition, which celebrates female
mathematicians from institutions throughout Europe. It was
launched in Berlin in the summer of 2016 and is now touring European institutions.</p>
<p>To watch the interviews with the women or read the transcripts, and to see the portraits that featured in the exhibition, click on the links below. For more content by or about female mathematicians click <a href="/content/tags/womenmathematics?page=1">here</a>.</p>
<p>Photographs by <a href="http://henrykenyonphotography.com">Henry Kenyon</a>.</p>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Natasha_icon.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/womenmathematicsnataliaberloff">Natalia Berloff</a> </strong> — Natalia Berloff is a professor of applied mathematics. It was a problem in network theory that lured her into the exciting world of maths when she was ten years old.
</p></div>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Nilanjana_icon.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/nilanjanadatta">Nilanjana Datta</a> </strong> — Nilanjana Datta works in quantum information theory. She loves how mathematics can describe nature simply and elegantly.
</p></div>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Anne_icon.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/womenmathematicsannechristinedavis">AnneChristine Davis</a> </strong> — AnneChristine Davis is a professor of theoretical physics whose long career has seen attitudes towards women change for the better. She had to put up with quite a lot at the start.
</p></div>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Julia_icon.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/womemmathematicsjuliagog">Julia Gog</a> </strong> — Julia Gog is a mathematical biologist, helping to understand how infectious diseases spread. One of her favourite eureka moments came while she was playing a computer game.
</p></div>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Holly_icon.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/womenmathematicshollykrieger">Holly Krieger</a> </strong> — Holly Krieger works in dynamical systems theory, in particular on chaotic systems. Some of her greatest mathematical moments have come from teaching students.
</p></div>
<div style=" float: right; border: thin solid grey; background: #CCCFF; padding: 0.5em; marginleft: 0.8em; marginright: 1em; marginbottom: 0.5em; ">
<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Carola_icon_0.jpg" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div> <p><strong><a href="/content/womenmathematicscarolabibianeschnlieb">CarolaBibiane Schönlieb</a> </strong> — CarolaBibiane Schönlieb uses mathematics to process and analyse images. She loves the collaborative nature of maths.
</p></div>
<br clear="all"/></div></div></div>
Tue, 10 Oct 2017 13:11:14 +0000
Marianne
6921 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/happyadalovelaceday0#comments

Maths on a boat: Yipeng Huang
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatyipenghuang
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Yipeng_icon.png" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>We spoke to Yipeng Huang on a boat trip on the beautiful River Neckar, during the <a href="http://www.heidelberglaureateforum.org/">2017 Heidelberg Laureate Forum</a>. Yipeng is a PhD student at Columbia University, working on analog computing, where the chips hold continuous values, rather than the 0s and 1s of digital computers.</p>
<p><em>You can see some introductory articles about computer science <a href="https://plus.maths.org/content/tags/computerscience">here</a>. Click <a href="/content/mathsboatyoungresearchershlf">here</a> for more interviews with young researchers at the HLF.</em></p>
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/0Zopj53GxMQ" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></div></div></div>
Tue, 10 Oct 2017 12:57:17 +0000
Marianne
6920 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatyipenghuang#comments

Gravitational waves get Nobel Prize
https://plus.maths.org/content/gravitationalwavesgetnobelprize
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/collision_icon%20%281%29.png" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>This year's <a href="https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2017/">Nobel Prize in Physics</a> has gone to <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainer_Weiss">Rainer Weiss</a>, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barry_Barish">Barry C. Barish</a> and <a hef="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kip_Thorne">Kip S. Thorne</a> "for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves".</p>
<div style="float: right; width 400px; marginleft: 10px; marginbottom: 20px;">
<iframe width="400" height="280" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/FGC_DM7ZgAk?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
<p style="width: 400px; fontsize: small; color: purple;">A computer simulation of two black holes merging. The simulation shows the gravitational waves caused by this event. Credit: MaxPlanckInstitut für Gravitationsphysik (AlbertEinsteinInstitut).</p></div>
<p>As their name suggests, gravitational waves are connected to the force of gravity we are all familiar with.
In 1687 Isaac Newton formulated his <em>universal law of gravitation</em>, which describes the gravitational attraction between two massive objects. The law remained unchallenged until 1905, when Einstein published his <em>special theory of relativity</em>. The theory says that there is a universal speed limit in the Universe: nothing can travel faster than light, that is, nothing can travel faster than roughly 300,000 km per second. This contradicted Newton, who thought the effect of gravity was instantaneous: take away the Sun, and the effect will be felt on Earth immediately.</p>
<p> Einstein himself later remedied this problem by proposing that gravity isn't a force that wafts across the ether in some mysterious way, but a result of the curvature of space. An analogy that is often given is that of a bowling ball sitting on a trampoline. The ball creates a dip in the trampoline, curving its surface, so a marble placed nearby will roll into the dip towards the ball. According to Einstein, massive bodies warp space in a similar way, causing less massive bodies to be attracted to them (find out more <a href="/content/mathsminuteeinsteinsgeneraltheoryrelativity">here</a>).</p>
<div class="leftimage" style="maxwidth: 450px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/news/2017/Nobel_physics/Laureates.jpg" alt="2017 Nobel laureates" width="450px" height="177" /><p>The 2017 laureates. From left to right: Rainer Weiss (image by <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rainer_Weiss__December_2006.jpg">Michael Hauser</a>),
Barry Barish, and Kip Thorne (image by <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kip_Thorne_at_Caltech.jpg">Keenan Pepper</a>).</p></div>
<p>One of the consequences of Einstein's theory of gravity is that when gravitational monsters such as <a href="g/content/mathsminuteblackholes">black holes</a> shunt their weight around, they should create ripples in the very fabric of spacetime. These ripples are the gravitational waves researchers at the <a href="https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/">Laser Interferometer GravitationalWave Observatory</a> (LIGO) had been looking for.</p><p> In 2016 they rewarded by a discovery that counts as a major milestone in modern physics. Rainer Weiss received one half of the Nobel Prize for his part in the detection of gravitational waves by LIGO, and Barry Barish and Kip Thorne share the other half. "The 2017 Nobel Laureates have, with their enthusiasm and determination,
each been invaluable to the success of LIGO. Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thorne, together with
Barry C. Barish, the scientist and leader who brought the project to completion, have ensured that
more than four decades of effort led to gravitational waves finally being observed," says the <a href="https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2017/popularphysicsprize2017.pdf">Nobel Prize website</a>.</p>
<p>We recently had the pleasure to attend a lecture by Kip Thorne and to interview Gabriela Gonzáles, Professor of Physics at Louisiana State University and former spokesperson of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. The resulting <a href="/content/stuffhappenslisteninguniverse">videos and articles</a> tell you everything you need to know about gravitational waves: the track the long theoretical quest to confirm Einstein's predictions, the technical quest to hear the tiny echoes of gravitational waves when they finally meet our detectors, and the secrets they may reveal in the future. To watch the videos and read the articles, see <a href="/content/stuffhappenslisteninguniverse"><em>Stuff happens: Listening to the Universe</em></a>.</p>
<p>Congratulations to all three laureates!</p></div></div></div>
Thu, 05 Oct 2017 14:49:45 +0000
Marianne
6919 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/gravitationalwavesgetnobelprize#comments

Maths on a boat: Young researchers at the Heidelberg Laureate Forum
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatyoungresearchershlf
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Boat_icon.jpg" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><div class="rightimage" style="maxwidth: 300px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/packages/2017/HLF/Boat.jpg" alt="Boat trip" width="300" height="200" /><p>Laureates and young researchers mingle at this year's Heidelberg Laureate Forum. Photo © Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation / Mueck – 2017</p></div>
<p>The <a href="http://www.heidelberglaureateforum.org">Heidelberg Laureate Forum</a> (HLF) is an annual networking event at which young researchers get the chance to mingle with some of the best minds in mathematics and computer science. During a boat trip on the beautiful river Neckar at this year's forum we got the chance to talk to some of these young researchers, who each gave us a threeminute video introduction to their work. Here they are! Click on the links to see the videos.</p>
<p><em>To read and watch more content produced from the HLF see <a href="/content/tags/hlf">here</a>.</em></p>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/demian_icon.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatdemiannahuelgoos">Demian Nahuel Goos</a> — Demian talks to us about his work on the central equation of quantum mechanics. He is a PhD student at the Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina.</p></div>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Yipeng_icon.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatyipenghuang">Yipeng Huang</a> — Yipeng Huang talks to us about his work on analog computing. He is a PhD student at Columbia University. </p></div>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Fred_icon.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatfredmorstatter">Fred Morstatter</a> — Fred talks about biases in social media data and how to avoid them.
He is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Southern California Information Science Institute.</p></div>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/soukayna_icon.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatsoukaynamouatadid">Soukayna Mouatadid</a> — Soukayna talks about her work on the intersection of machine learning and climate science. She is a PhD student at the University of Toronto. </p></div>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/June_icon.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatsoukaynamouatadid0">June Park</a> — June talks about his work on the connections between geometry and number theory. He is a PhD student at the University of Minnesota.</p></div>
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<div class="leftimage" style="width: 100px;"><img src="/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Vogt_ficon1.png" alt="" width="100" height="100" /> </div>
<p><a href="/content/mathsboatthomasvogt">Thomas Vogt</a> — Thomas talks about his work on mathematical methods for imaging neurons in our brains. He is a PhD student at the University zu Lübeck, Germany.</p></div></div></div></div>
Thu, 05 Oct 2017 09:38:31 +0000
Marianne
6918 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatyoungresearchershlf#comments

Maths on a boat: Fred Morstatter
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatfredmorstatter
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Fred_icon.png" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>We spoke to Fred Morstatter on a boat trip on the beautiful River Neckar, during the <a href="http://www.heidelberglaureateforum.org/">2017 Heidelberg Laureate Forum</a>. Fred is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Southern California Information Science Institute. He talked to us about biases in social media data and how to avoid them.
</p>
<p><em>For more about machine learning on Plus see
<a href="/content/neurobiologyonlinegaming">From neurobiology to online gaming.</a> Click <a href="/content/mathsboatyoungresearchershlf">here</a> for more interviews with young researchers at the HLF.</em></p>
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/U1x7x82RbF0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></div></div></div>
Thu, 05 Oct 2017 09:10:04 +0000
Marianne
6917 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatfredmorstatter#comments

A quick chat with Stephen Smale
https://plus.maths.org/content/quickchatstephensmale
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/Smale_icon.jpg" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>We're currently at the <a href="http://www.heidelberglaureateforum.org/event_2017/">Heidelberg Laureate Forum 2017</a>, where we had the honour to meet Fields medallist <a href="http://wwwgroups.dcs.stand.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Smale.html">Stephen Smale</a>. He received the Field Medal in 1966 for his proof of the generalised <a href="/content/tags/poincareconjecture">Poincaré conjecture</a> for dimensions greater than 4. Smale is also famous for his work on dynamical systems, and has worked in a range of other areas too.</p>
<p>In this short interview, recorded at a press conference, he tells us about his bad marks at school, what it's like changing areas so many times, and about the links between dynamical systems theory and the Poincaré conjecture.</p>
<p><em>Image above © Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation / Mueck – 2017.</em></p>
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/fTtaoFPUq88?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></div></div></div>
Fri, 29 Sep 2017 14:37:13 +0000
Marianne
6911 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/quickchatstephensmale#comments

Maths on a boat: June Park
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatsoukaynamouatadid0
<div class="field fieldnamefieldabsimg fieldtypeimage fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><img class="imgresponsive" src="https://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/abstractpics/%5Buid%5D/%5Bsitedate%5D/June_icon.png" width="100" height="100" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field fieldnamebody fieldtypetextwithsummary fieldlabelhidden"><div class="fielditems"><div class="fielditem even"><p>We spoke to June Park on a boat trip on the beautiful River Neckar, during the <a href="http://www.heidelberglaureateforum.org/">2017 Heidelberg Laureate Forum</a>. June is a PhD student at the University of Minnesota, working on the connections between geometry and number theory.</p>
<p><em>For more about elliptic curves and number theory on Plus see
<a href="https://plus.maths.org/content/veryoldquestionverylatestmathsfieldsmedallecturemanjulbhargava">Answers on a donut</a>. Click <a href="/content/mathsboatyoungresearchershlf">here</a> for more interviews with young researchers at the HLF.</em></p>
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/mcpgPQT4Xs?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
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Fri, 29 Sep 2017 13:39:46 +0000
Marianne
6916 at https://plus.maths.org/content
https://plus.maths.org/content/mathsboatsoukaynamouatadid0#comments