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Many highly intelligent people fail to notice that Shannon's concept of information as a measurable property of strings of symbols is very different from the much older concept of information as semantic content (or meaning), which is part of our everyday language and was used frequently by Jane Austen in her novels over a century before Shannon introduced his concept. In talking about intelligence and use of information by organisms (including humans) we are almost always referring to Austen information. See for more detail.

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