# mathematical modelling

As COP28, the 2023 United Nations Climate Change Conference, kicks off we look at how maths can help understand the climate crisis.

*e*appear in descriptions of this growth?

We talk to Stuart Johnston who uses mathematics to find out how noise pollution in the oceans impacts whales.

We talk to early career mathematicians who spent some of their summer holiday solving problems posed by industry — such as how to blend a perfect smoothie!

Don't like plant-based meat alternatives, but want to spare animals and the environment? There's hope on the horizon, aided by a good helping of maths.

How can maths help to understand the Southern Ocean, a vital component of the Earth's climate system?

Was the mathematical modelling projecting the course of the pandemic too pessimistic, or were the projections justified? Matt Keeling tells our colleagues from SBIDER about the COVID models that fed into public policy.

Some diseases spread far more quickly in care homes and other settings with vulnerable people. How can maths help? And what help does maths need?

Invading mosquitoes and food poisoning in the production chain — there are a lot of questions epidemiologists address in their research.

Was vaccinating vulnerable people first a good choice? Hindsight allows us to assess this question.

This year's Abel Prize goes to Luis A. Caffarelli for a body of work on the maths of change.

Maths meets politics as early career mathematicians present their work at the Houses of Parliament.