fluid dynamics

Why does the Earth, as well as other planets and stars, have a magnetic field?

Where do the magnetic fields of planets and stars come from?

Discover the fascinating maths behind rainbows, rogue waves and many more applications that is being explored by researchers at the INI

Dispersion lies at the heart of many dramatic phenomena - explore the maths that explains it!

If you've ever marvelled at a rainbow, you have witnessed dispersion in action!

Ripples on a pond, the swell of ocean waves, your favourite song – these can all be described using sine waves. But how do we describe a sine wave?

It's a good question with a fascinating answer.

We all know what turbulence is, but nobody understands it.

A new model of the formation of the Moon's crust finally explains the diversity and range of ages of rocks found on the lunar surface.

How does a smooth flow suddenly become turbulent? The Reynolds number helps understand the transition.

Dive into the maths of turbulence!

How does water, or indeed any fluid, move? The Euler equations let us look beneath the surface and mark the beginning of modern fluid dynamics.

  • Want facts and want them fast? Our Maths in a minute series explores key mathematical concepts in just a few words.